题目：The Structuration of Guanxi in Organizations:Analyzing the Roles of Information Technology, Human Agency, and Institutional Properties
Firms in China can hardly escape from two institutional characteristics of modern organizations: the Eastern practice of guanxi and the Western artifact of information technology. While both constructs have been extensively studied in organizational contexts, few studies have examined how these two constructs interact with each other and how such interaction impact organizational processes, norms, values, and other institutional properties. In this study, via the lens of structuration theory and using an exploratory case study, we submit that guanxi is not just a cultural artifact of the Chinese society that will continue to thrive in foreseeable future, as predicted by one stream of literature, or a product of weak institutions in shortage economies that will eventually disappear, as predicated by another stream of literature. We argue that guanxi is an outcome of structuration among the human agents who enact it for a particular purpose and the institutional environment in which it is enacted, enabled and constrained by institutional properties embedded in information systems and organizational processes. This structuration view of guanxi does not predict its ever lasting effect on Chinese business and society, nor does it foretell its demise in the global economy enabled by information technology and empowered by stronger social institutions. However, it does provide a better explanation to the critical questions why guanxi is significant in certain firms but insignificant in others and how IT impacts the role of guanxi in organizational life.
胡清教授现任美国纽约市立大学(The City University of New York)巴鲁克学院兹科林商学院(Zicklin School of Business at Baruch College)，主管学术与创新的副院长及信息系统学终身教授。此前曾任美国爱荷华州立大学(Iowa State University)商学院副院长，供应链及信息系统系主任，及联合太平洋公司信息系统学讲席教授。胡清教授的研究领域涵盖信息经济学、管理科学、行为科学、神经科学，及认知心理学等交叉学科。